In 2015, the State of California adopted requirements to shift energy production to 50 percent renewables by 2030, along with other energy goals aimed at slowing climate change. State legislation also requires the state to double energy efficiency savings by 2030. In California, solar, wind, biomass, and geothermal are considered renewable energy sources, while large hydropower from dams and nuclear power are not. Solar energy systems, which have expanded exponentially in recent years, stop producing at night—so until better electrical storage capacity is developed, wind energy is one option for generating electricity at night.
The offshore energy lease bidding process is unlike the process for development projects in California. Federal waters are regulated by the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM), which also manages the lease sales for offshore oil and gas drilling and exploration. RCEA is moving quickly to submit a lease bid. By jointly submitting a lease bid with an offshore energy company, RCEA is able to retain some measure of local control over potential offshore energy development. If a lease is granted, RCEA will have the exclusive right to seek BOEM approval for development. The lease grants the right to use the lease area to develop Site Assessment Plans for surveys and studies. That plan must be approved by BOEM before studies can be conducted. Only after these phases are complete can construction plans be submitted for approval.
Although there are concerns for marine mammals, seabirds, fisheries, and impacts to commercial fishing, local environmental advocates are cautiously optimistic about the potential for a major shift away from fossil fuels.
In Humboldt County, electricity is primarily produced by PG&E’s natural gas power plant, two biomass plants that burn wood byproducts of the timber industry, and a fair amount of rooftop solar.
A wide range of studies will need to be done within the lease area since there is very little scientific information on wildlife populations so far offshore. In addition, not a lot is known about impacts of floating wind turbines, since the technology is fairly new. But we do know that replacing fossil fuels with renewable energy is critical to slowing climate change—not just rising temperatures and changes in rainfall patterns, but the rate of sea level rise and ocean acidification as well.
For more information on offshore wind and other local energy projects, tune in to Jen Kalt’s February 22, 2018 interview with RCEA’s Executive Director Matthew Marshall in the KHSU EcoNews Report archives. You can also download the podcast on iTunes or any major podcast app.